Social housing: innovation and inclusion are two main pillars
Casablanca – Allowing low-income families to acquire housing at an affordable price and of adequate quality constitutes the basic principle of social housing, the support program of which was extended in 2021.
The social housing system, valued at 250,000 dirhams, reduced the housing deficit by around 80% over the period 2000-2020, from 200,000 units to 1.2 million units.
With the end of this system, it became necessary to think of a new model in this field capable of maintaining a high rate of production of social housing, while ensuring a balance for the benefit of all partners within a system capable to trigger a real recovery.
In this regard, Mr. Mohamed Al-Madani, a real estate developer, declared in a statement to MAP that “the social housing assistance program has been extended for one year under very strict conditions, namely the obtaining a building permit before March 2020, especially for projects that were. This is already underway, but he was stopped due to the Covid-19 crisis. “
In this context, he explained that the representatives of real estate developers called for urban alternatives, and in particular, urban planning requirements that allow the construction of more housing and offset the benefits of tax exemption with exceptional measures linked to the height of the buildings.
“Without these conditions, a production of 250,000 dirhams will entail a loss for the miners, especially in the Quneitra-Al Jadida axis, which represents 60% of the total demand,” he declared.
On the other hand, Mr. Al-Madani estimated that the real estate sector in Morocco is still burdened with taxes “It is the only economic sector which is covered by many taxes, in particular the corporation tax, the tax on the income, registration fees and the property tax of the governorate ”, indicating that these last two taxes represent more of the weakness of the corporate tax, which in the end is passed on to the Moroccan consumer and digs further the difference between its purchasing power and its selling prices.
Asked about his vision for a new vision of social housing, in line with the current climate in Morocco, Mr. Al-Madani stressed the need to set up the State “for more flexibility, efficiency and responsiveness , in relation to the different architectural and urban innovative solutions proposed by the different players in this system. “
He added: “We should not remain locked in old and old urban models. Rather, we should think about launching new urban development and preparation plans that allow them to meet demand and revive the sector and therefore all economic activity. “
For his part, Mr. Mohamed Douira, architect in Kénitra, declared that housing, as one of the basic needs of every human being, constitutes a major component of the economic development of the country, adding that it is not it is not possible to imagine a prosperous Morocco, today or tomorrow, without a permanent solution to the problem of decent housing for the benefit of all citizens.
“The problem is not a question of perception, but rather a question of will”, he declared, stressing that it is now necessary to move in the direction of the revision of the relevant legislation, on the basis of in-depth and transparent consultations with all the actors concerned. the construction sector.
In this regard, Mr. Douira explained that there can be no development of the concept of social housing without a viable economic composition that takes into account the consumer but also the product and the profit margin, since it is the number one reason behind the real estate boom for investing.
He also stressed that the COVID-19 crisis has reinforced the need for a systematic review of the work. The regulatory minimums are no longer compatible with the way of life which has undergone a change from the situation that prevailed before the outbreak of the epidemic.
“The domains and their interaction with the exterior, the urban vision and the landscape, the use of high-end but low-cost finishing materials are all avenues that should be explored by designers, in order to achieve a standard. sustainable and decent in the eyes of the consumer concerned with change and a decent life, ”he added.
At the same time, Mr. Douira underlined that the research aspect is not underestimated and that investment in training is increasingly necessary. It must therefore be subject to adequate supervision and direction, and have sufficient means to allow experimentation and the daring to face an architectural space loaded with problems that require reflection in order to find solutions.
It is clear that social real estate has undergone many changes since its launch, with the aim of relaunching the market and establishing a new climate of trust between buyers and professionals. However, the success of this type of housing in Morocco depends on its ability to anticipate changes in future housing needs linked in particular to social, economic and fiscal developments.