Technical control guarantees the safety of vehicle passengers, but also that of pedestrians and all those who use the road. As such, it is a mandatory operation to be done periodically. Some cars are however authorized to circulate without technical control for a certain time.
Definition of technical control
Technical control is defined as a complete examination of the running condition of a vehicle carried out in a technical inspection center approved by the State. In France, it has been compulsory since 1992 and must be done before the fourth year of the car, then renewed every two years. The verification points carried out by a specialist are defined by law. Since May 20, 2018, technical control went from 123 points to 133, and from 410 failures to 610. After these checkpoints, the vehicle is judged favorable, unfavorable or unfavorable for critical failure.
In the event of an unfavorable opinion for critical failure, the car represents a direct and immediate danger for road safety, or for the environment. It must therefore immediately be immobilized until the problem is repaired. Some of these critical failures include:
• The absence of brake fluid;
• The broken brake disc;
• The faulty flywheel;
• Insecure seats or wheels.
Sanctions in the event of a lack of technical control
A car which circulates without a technical inspection, or with an invalid technical inspection (with defect, falsified, expired), is liable to a penalty if the police stop it on the public highway. The driver must pay a fixed fine of 135 euros. According to the case, it happens that the car is immobilized until the approved technical inspection certificate is provided. A provisional traffic record allowing the technical control to be carried out is then issued. In addition, if a car is driven without a technical check, the insurance will refuse to compensate repairs in the event of a claim.
New cars directly from factories or dealers are authorized to circulate without a technical inspection for 4 years. After the 4th anniversary of the car, the owner has a maximum period of 6 months to comply with the regulations so that it can continue to circulate. Second-hand cars cannot be sold without a technical inspection certificate of less than one year. The buyer is entitled to demand that the technical inspection be the responsibility of the seller before concluding the purchase. There are other categories of vehicles that can be driven without technical control. Here they are :
• Cars without a license;
• The two and three wheels;
• Caravans and trailers;
• The cars of diplomatic missions.