Are you considering buying a used electric car? Before taking action, here are the points to consider and the pitfalls to avoid.

At present, the prices of a new electric car remain high and therefore push many motorists to turn to the second-hand market. Before buying, however, remember to check certain points …

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Taking a vehicle from a charging station - credit: ADOBE STOCK

Battery

Crucial element of the electric car, the battery is usually5 to 8 year warranty with a mileage limit of 100,000 to 150,000 km.

In these terms, the manufacturer generally assures that the battery will still reach 70 or 80% of its maximum capacity. The resulting autonomy therefore follows the same curve. This means that a car that reaches 300 km per charge when new could only offer 210 to 230 km after 8 years or 150,000 km. However, certain factors can vary the “health” of the battery considerably: repeated high power charges or regularly charging the battery to 100% are more “harmful” to the cells than a slow charge of up to 80%. Talk to the seller about their charging habits can give you an idea of ​​the autonomy you are entitled to expect.

Usage

Before considering the purchase of a used electric car, it is essential to define the use that you will have of it, and thereforethe charging solutions available to you.

Do you plan to charge mainly at home and make short trips? In this case, just about any car will do. If, on the other hand, you are planning long regular trips requiring charging outside, choose a newer car that will offer better autonomy, and make sure she accepts fast charging (> 50 kW) in direct current (DC) in order to be able to recharge quickly on the public terminals with high power when you are on the move.

Brakes and suspensions

Often very heavy, electric cars can put a strain on the brakes and suspensions. If you set your sights on a high mileage electric car, remember to check the condition of these two elements. However, the presence of a regenerative braking (Mode B) saves the brakes if used wisely, since in this case it is the engine itself which slows down the car without requiring the intervention of the discs and pads.

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