Thanks to the new bonus on used electric cars, zero emission models have never been so affordable!
Now eligible for a € 1,000 bonus cumulative with the conversion bonus still in force, electric cars have never been so affordable in second hand. As a result, great opportunities to drive fearlessly in large cities, while preserving your budget.
Update on government aid
With three grids in 2020 and a new one scheduled for July 1, 2021, the amount of aid and the eligibility conditions are not clear to anyone or almost! Fortunately, the new bonus granted to second-hand buyers does not impose any special conditions.
The ecological bonus 1.000 €
Set up on December 8, it is accessible to any adult natural person residing in France. Companies are therefore excluded from this system, and no scrapping of an old vehicle is required. With a fixed amount of € 1,000, this new bonus is awarded for the purchase of a car or light utility emitting less than 20 g / km of CO2. A criterion that only electric vehicles (and the few that run on hydrogen) can currently meet. Good point, it can be combined with the conversion bonus and the ZFE increased aid (see below), thus saving up to € 8,000 on the invoice.
The conversion bonus – Up to 5,000 €
Of a higher amount (from 2,500 to 5,000 €) for electric vehicles, it is granted during the purchase (new or used) subject to scrapping a gasoline car from before 2006 or a diesel from before 2006. ‘before 2011. In addition, the price of the purchased model cannot exceed € 60,000. Its amount is set at € 5,000, within the limit of 80% of the total acquisition cost, for those whose RFR (reference tax income) per unit is less than € 6,300. This sum is also allocated to those whose RFR / share is less than € 13,489 and who live more than 30 km from their place of work or who travel more than 12,000 km per year. In all other cases, the premium is reduced to € 2,500.
ZFE increased aid – Up to € 2,000
It benefits people residing in a low-emission zone. It consists of territorial aid (€ 1,000), doubled by the State since July 1, 2019. Its maximum amount is therefore € 2,000, cumulative with the other two aids detailed above.
The best choices at € 9,000 (excluding aid)
With the proliferation of aids, electric vehicles, thanks to their Crit’Air 0 badge, have become a good guarantee of free circulation in the city in the years to come with a reduced budget. Indeed, the starting bet can fall below 3,000 € for the most modest incomes.
> Nissan Leaf
3 CV – 109 hp – 149 km / h – 22 kW – 4.45 m – Charging time terminal * / sector: 4 h / 12 h – Average autonomy: 150 km
Saw a 2015 Acenta with 44,000 km at 8,690 €
Launched in 2011, the Leaf was the first all-round electric sedan. An asset reinforced in 2013: the meager alterations heralded the arrival of new, more compact batteries, which widened its field of action by 20 km. They also allow an increase in the boot from 345 to 385 dm3, and free up more space under the front seats to slide your feet. Well equipped (GPS, reversing camera, heat pump allowing the use of the air conditioning without compromising the autonomy, fast charging socket as standard), the Acenta intermediate finish offers the best compromise. All at a low price, prices having fallen significantly in recent months. With the 5-year or 100,000 km warranty on the electrical part, you have a good chance of finding a copy followed in the network.
> Renault Zoe
1 CV – 88 hp – 139 km / h – 22 kW – 4.09 m – Charging time terminal * / sector: 4 h / 10 h – Average autonomy: 138 km
Saw a Q210 Intens from 2015 with 38,000 km at € 7,990
Indispensable, the Zoe represents more than a third of the announcements of electrics. It must be said that it has something to seduce those reluctant to this energy, including with a tight budget: driving pleasure, 350 dm3 trunk, neat presentation … In 2015, an R240 version was offered in addition to the Q210 . Available at around € 9,000, it offers an increased range of 30 km, but is less quick to charge (1 hour instead of 30 minutes to recover 80% of energy) on a dedicated terminal. It is, moreover, less widespread, therefore a little more expensive. In any case, discard the Life versions in favor of Zen and Intens, better supplied, if possible sold in the network. And don’t forget the rental of the batteries (59 € / month for 7,500 km per year, 79 € / month for 10,000 km), which includes the guarantee.
The best choices at € 14,000 (excluding aid)
Still recent, therefore better placed in terms of autonomy, these cars are now accessible to the greatest number. They compete strongly with thermal models, which benefit from both less and less aid.
> Hyundai Ioniq electric
1 CV – 120 hp – 167 km / h – 28 kW – 4.47 m – Charging time terminal * / sector: 4 h 30/14 h – Average autonomy: 164 km
Saw a Creative of 2016 with 55,000 km at 15,990 €
Sedan with a nicely presented and fairly large interior, the Hyundai must, however, be content with a somewhat tight trunk (343 dm3) given its length of nearly 4.50 m. The 28 kWh battery, guaranteed for 8 years or 200,000 km (the rest is covered for 5 years), gives it a range of 164 km, and convincing performance. Thanks to safe handling and a good level of comfort, the Korean is not afraid of long journeys. Another advantage, the widely used Creative finish has xenon headlights, GPS and hands-free access / start as standard. On the budget side, the absence of battery rental and the annual but affordable revisions (from 59 to 119 €), reinforce the interest of this model, now available under 17,000 €, including in Hyundai dealerships.
> Renault Zoe
1 CV – 108 hp – 138 km / h – 40 kW – 4.09 m – Charging time terminal * / sector: 7 h / 25 h – Average autonomy: 235 km
Seen a 2019 R110 Intens with 16,000 km at 12,990 €
Another Zoe? Yes, but it’s not quite the same. Since 2017, it has been available in R75 (77 hp), R90 (92 hp) and Q90 (88 hp), the latter version being able to recover 80% of the charge in 65 minutes (instead of 100) on a fast terminal. The following year, an R110 version, with 108 hp, landed. If the autonomy is identical to that of the R90 (reference among the electrics when it came out), performance leaps forward. In addition to the times, canon, driving pleasure wins. And don’t hesitate to aim for high-end finishes (Intens and Edition One). In the catalog a year before the Life and Zen, they are not necessarily more expensive than the latter. And take advantage of auto air conditioning, hands-free access / start and GPS. As for the rental of the battery, count 69 € / month minimum.
The best choices at € 20,000 (excluding aid)
Displaying high prices in concession, the electric models see their price reduced thanks to the aid on the new one. After deducting the conversion bonus and the bonus on the occasion, the reasonable starting bet makes it a good opportunity to drive a recent car at half the price.
> Peugeot e-208
4 CV – 136 ch – 150 km / h – 50 kW – 4.06 m – Charging time terminal * / sector: 8 h / 31 h – Average autonomy: 267 km
Seen an Active Business of 2020 with 7,000 km at 21,960 €
After the discreet iOn, here is Peugeot’s real answer to the Zoe. Attractive look, neat presentation, the e-208 flatters the eye. At the wheel, we find the (good) genes of the thermal model, with dynamic behavior and clear acceleration. In short, it provides real pleasure at the wheel. In return, its field of action – 267 km on average – is less extensive than that of the Renault. However, its three driving modes (80 hp and 180 Nm, 110 hp and 220 Nm, 136 hp and 260 Nm) increase the range, which exceeds 310 km in the city. To reduce the initial investment, target Active Business, which are already numerous on the market and around € 1,500 cheaper than Allure. If their endowment does not include aluminum rims, it offers air conditioning. and GPS.
> Volkswagen e-Golf
4 CV – 136 hp – 150 km / h – 36 kW – 4.27 m – Charging time station * / sector: 5 h 20/17 h – Average autonomy: 237 km
Saw a 2018 e-Golf with 32,000 km at € 19,990
While it was sold for a high price in new (around € 40,000 without bonus), the e-Golf is finding its interest in second hand, with a discount which has accelerated since the arrival of the ID3. Based on the penultimate Golf, it has the same interior, welcoming and beautifully made. The only differences: the absence of a spare wheel container (371 dm3 trunk instead of 431 dm3) and the specific combination. At the wheel, invigorating acceleration, reassuring behavior and preserved comfort are attractive. In the 136 hp version, the autonomy of around 230 km (the old 115 hp was only 150 km) allows to consider more serenely a getaway far from the cities. As standard, you will benefit from an 8-year warranty on the battery, as well as a high-end equipment: GPS with 8 “screen, full LED headlights or even dual-zone air conditioning.
* Charging time on Wallbox type terminal (7.4 kW, single phase 32 A).
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