By 2040, the petroleum car as we know it will be a thing of the past. With the Mobility Orientation Law (LOM), our cities are getting organized, as of today, to prepare the transformation of our means of transport and the ecological transition.
What is the mobility orientation law?
On December 26, 2019, the Mobility Orientation Law (LOM) was promulgated in the official journal after it was voted on by deputies and senators a few months earlier. Designed as a framework preparing the transport revolution in the broad sense, this LOM focuses particularly on electric cars and other vehicles that do not emit any mechanical pollution during their use. And for good reason, the objective is quite simply to eliminate from sale new cars equipped with a heat engine (using fossil fuel) by 2040.
Theoretically, it will therefore remain possible, after this date, to drive a vehicle consuming gasoline or diesel. But to convert the entire fleet (just over 38 million vehicles anyway!), It will be necessary to launch very large works within the next two decades for the transition to be smooth. This is precisely the purpose of LOM.
Ecological transition: concrete applications despite the covid-19 crisis
Admittedly, the deputies did not anticipate the coronavirus crisis by promulgating this law, which considerably slowed down certain projects related to electric mobility. But the LOM, which gives a roadmap to communities, large companies or even individuals, already benefits from concrete applications. The ecological bonus reserved for the purchase of a new hybrid or electric vehicle, for example, is part of the measures introduced under the LOM. The famous threshold of 100,000 electrical terminals in France available by the end of 2021 as well. Just like the simplification of the procedures for installing an electric terminal in the common garage of his co-ownership.
LOM: Measures to encourage communities to make the transition
The LOM suggests that local authorities organize themselves in order to meet the objectives as best as possible. Launch a diagnostic on the use of its road network and its parking infrastructure, for example, to arrive at defining the best possible locations for the deployment of new electrical terminals. Modify these infrastructures to make them compatible with the forms of soft mobility, in particular those which will increase in importance with the generalization of MaaS (Mobility as a Service). Communities are currently under no obligation to take the lead in work related to the application of the LOM.
But by 2025, those who don’t care enough will be subsidized less than good students. These communities therefore have every interest in working as soon as possible on their related work. to urban transport and the mobility tools available within them. In view of the rapid development of the current automobile market in France, it becomes imperative anyway to prepare for it as best as possible. The comfort and ease of movement of their citizens depend on it.
Electric mobility: Acceleration to come
The LOM provides the tools, the procedures to be followed, the objectives and the timetable. But it still needs to be specified by decree on the most technical and advanced aspects. By the end of 2021, all regulatory texts relating to the application of this LOM will be published. There will then no longer be any obstacle to the acceleration of the ecological transformation of our cities and our campaigns towards less polluting means of transport.
It will facilitate the response to the needs of tomorrow and will bring together all the stakeholders in the implementation of this response. Certainly, a calendar as distant as the year 2040 will require us to remain attentive to the evolution of things, even if it means having to provide for certain adjustments along the way. But if all goes well, there will be no gasoline cars left on our streets by 2050: assuming that a vehicle generally has a lifespan of 10 years, the latest models will quite naturally die out around this date…